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There are several geographic areas covered by Railways in the Niagara Region. Below is some information on the following areas:

Niagara Region

Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls
The Regional Municipality of Niagara, better known as the Niagara Region, is a peninsula bordered on three sides by water: Lake Ontario (north border), Lake Erie (south border), and the Niagara River (east border). It is bordered on the west by the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk and the City of Hamilton.

The Niagara Region covers an area of 1896 sq. km (715 sq. miles), and has a population of approximately 427,000 people. It is made up of 12 separate municipalities, ranging from medium size cities such as St. Catharines (pop. 132,000) and Niagara Falls (pop. 82,000), to small townships such as Wainfleet (pop. 6,600) and West Lincoln (pop. 13,000).

Vineyard on Lake Ontario
Vineyard on Lake Ontario
In addition to being bordered by several bodies of water, the Niagara Region also shares a border with the United States to the east. Specifically, the State of New York, Erie and Niagara Counties, and cities such as Buffalo and Niagara Falls, New York lie across the Niagara River.

Once a hub of manufacturing activity, the Niagara Region still plays host to heavy and medium-sized industry. Agriculture, tourism, and transportation also play significant roles in the economy and culture of the area. Tender fruit and wine grapes are the primary agricultural products; Niagara Falls, War of 1812 battlegrounds, the Welland Canal, and several areas of national historic interest carry the tourist industry; and the unique geography, along with proximity to the Canada-U.S. border and major metropolitan areas, make the area a key route for surface and waterway transportation.

Sources:
Regional Municipality of Niagara
Statistics Canada 2006 Census
Statistics Canada


Western New York

Downtown Buffalo, New York
Downtown Buffalo, New York
Western New York is a geographic region comprising eight (8) counties located in the western portion of New York state: Erie, Niagara, Orleans, Genesee, Wyoming, Allegany, Cattaraugus, and Chautauqua Counties. It is bordered on the north by Lake Ontario; to the south by the State of Pennsylvania; to the east by several other New York counties; and to the west by the Niagara Region of Ontario, Canada, the Niagara River, Lake Erie, and the State of Pennsylvania.

The most populous city in the Western New York area is Buffalo, with a 2000 census population of 293,000. Other notable cities in the area include Niagara Falls (pop. 55,600), and Batavia (pop. 60,000).

Once a transportation hub for both railways and waterways, Western New York still continues to be a major run-through point for a significant amount of rail traffic transiting the northeastern United States. Tourism also plays an important role in the Western New York economy, most notably in Niagara Falls.

Sources:
City of Buffalo
National Atlas of the United States
United States Census Bureau


Southern Ontario

CN Tower, Toronto
CN Tower, Toronto
The southern portion of the Province of Ontario is a major population, economic, and manufacturing centre of Canada. It contains some of the largest cities in the country, including Toronto (pop. 2,502,000), Mississauga (pop. 668,000), Hamilton (pop. 504,000), Brampton (pop. 434,000), London (pop. 352,000), Markham (pop. 261,000), Vaughan (pop. 239,000), Windsor (pop. 216,000), and Kitchener (pop. 205,000).

The area is largely surrounding by the Great Lakes, and borders on several U.S. states. The area’s population, culture, and economy are very closely tied to that of its U.S. neighbours.

Southern Ontario has a large manufacturing base, most notably in the auto industry. The close geographic proximity to Michigan, as well as numerous large U.S. markets, has helped build the area’s standing. Other industries, such as banking, tourism, and transportation, also play a large role in the economy and employment of the area.

Rolling farmland outside Paris, Ontario
Rolling farmland outside Paris, Ontario
The geography is wide and varied. The Niagara Escarpment cuts across the Niagara Region, extending into the Bruce Peninsula, an area in the central north western part of the province. This produces a cliff or mountain in many areas it traverses. Rolling hills make up a good portion of the inland geography, as do low, flat areas surrounding the Great Lakes.

Sources:
Province of Ontario
Statistics Canada - 2006 Census
Statistics Canada
Ontario Ministry of Transportation - Official Road Map of Ontario



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